Source quality assesment
Use the "CRAAP" Test criteria to evaluate the information that you find in print and on websites! If the information doesn't pass the test, you probably should not use it as a source.
Currency: the timeliness of the information
- Is the content of the work up to date?
- When was it published/posted or last updated?
- Is the publication date clearly labeled?
- Will the timeliness of the information affect its usefulness?
Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs
- Does the information source leave questions unanswered (ask the "five W's and H" to check: who, what, when, where, why and how)?
- Is the information in-depth enough for your needs?
Authority: the source of the information
- Who is the author or creator (who is responsible for the intellectual content) and what are his or her credentials?
- Is there any indication of the author's education, other publications, professional affiliations or experience in the topic written about?
- Has the author been cited in other bibliographies?
Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content
- Is the information provided specific?
- Are methods of research explained in such a way that it could reproduced?
- Are sources of information listed in foot/end notes, bibliographies, or lists of references?
- How reliable are the cited sources?
Purpose: the reason the information exists
- Is there any advertising (including solicitations for donations) associated with the source?
- Does the author provide more than one point of view?
- Does the writing use inflammatory or biased language?